Virtual reality helps MS patients walk better
(NC&T/ATS) According to lead researcher Professor Yoram Baram of the Faculty of Computer Science, the device combines a wearable, cell phone-sized audio component -- which measures body movement, processes it and sends feedback to the user through earphones -- with a visual feedback apparatus he developed for Parkinson's patients 10 years ago.
The visual component presents users with a virtual, tile-floor image displayed on one eye via a tiny piece that clips onto glasses worn by the user. This allows the user to distinguish between the virtual floor and real obstacles, making it possible to navigate even rough terrain or stairs.
Baram and Prof. Ariel Miller of the Faculty of Medicine and the Multiple Sclerosis and Brain Research Center at the Carmel Medical Center in Haifa examined the effects of the patented device on the gait quality of MS patients.
The researchers found that auditory feedback significantly improved the gait of both MS and Parkinson's patients (though the improvement was less pronounced in Parkinson's patients). With regard to walking speed, patients showed an average improvement of 12.84% while wearing the device. There were also positive residual short-term therapeutic effects (18.75% improvement) after use. Average improvement in stride was 8.30% while wearing the device and 9.93% residually.
|Prof. Yoram Baram demonstrates the new apparatus. (Photo: ATS)|
Results from a small study (14 randomly selected patients with gait disturbances predominantly due to MS) on the device are published in the February 2007 issue of the Journal of the Neurological Sciences.
The integrated device -- the first to respond to the patient's motions rather than just providing fixed visual or auditory cues -- is already in use at a number of medical centers in Israel and the United States, including the University of Cincinnati and the State University of New York.
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