A scientific team has found a method to turn bad fat into good to prevent obesity
Not all the fat in our body is bad for our health. There is also good or healthy. Good helps burn calories, while bad helps the body to accumulate calories, which contributes to gain weight and promote obesity.
In a recent research carried out with mice, a team from the University of Washington School of Medicine in Saint Louis (United States) has found a method to turn white fat – bad – into good brown fat. The results of the study, published in the journal Cell Reports, open the door to the possibility of developing more effective treatments against obesity and diabetes in humans.
White fat is located in the belly, hips and thighs, where it stores calories and produces the hateful michelines. Instead, brown fat, which is found around the neck and shoulders, burns calories through a process that generates heat. The American researchers found that by blocking the activity of a specific protein in white fat, it began to transform into beige fat, a type of lipid between white and brown. Blocking the protein to create beige fat caused the fat cells to heat up and burn calories.
The challenge will be to find a reliable and safe method to achieve that without the individual trying to increase temperature and suffer from fever. Drug designers have homework ahead. More than 60% of adults in the United States are overweight or obese and about 30 million people have diabetes. If this study thrives and therapies developed from it could help turn bad fat into good fat, those numbers could be reduced.