Tanned skin can make us feel thinner and more impressive. However, excessive sun exposure can cause irreparable damage and burns if we are not careful enough. Of course, the fact that the sun is dangerous does not mean that we should be locked in a cage and not leave our house, especially when we visit areas where the sunshine levels are very high almost all year round. At the same time, we must not forget the beneficial properties of the sun.

Sunburn is the skin’s reaction to overexposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVA and UVB), which is considered to be the most critical environmental factor in causing skin melanoma. After a short time of exposure to the sun, the skin’s defence mechanism is activated as self-protection.

Although our body can repair some small damage on its own, most of the time, the sunlight we receive is much more than our body can handle. After a sunburn, our skin peels off, thus eliminating sun-damaged cells, which are replaced by new healthy cells.

Prevention is clearly the best protection, and the simplest and most basic thing we can do is use sunscreen – the right sunscreen depending on our skin type so that we are protected from the sun at any time of the day, all days of the year. The dermatologist is the most specialized doctor and can offer you guidance on buying the right sun protection products and advice on how and how often to apply them.

What should I do in case of a burn?

In case of burns, you should not pull the peeled skin; it is good to use a mild shower gel and keep your skin as well hydrated as possible so that it can repair the damage caused by the sun. Depending on the burn’s severity, you may need to see your dermatologist for more specialized advice. You should also not forget that our skin restrains the sun exposure that can cause varicose veins and spots, which are effectively, treated through advanced laser treatment methods.

How can I protect my skin?

Here are some tips to protect your skin… from top to toenails.

Head

Our head is susceptible to sunlight, and our hair does not protect us as much as we might think. Also, the hair can hide signs indicative of skin cancer, such as melanoma, which is particularly dangerous in the scalp area due to the difficulty of early diagnosis and, therefore, treatment.

Protection: It is good to wear a hat and be in the shade, especially at noon, when the sun is more dangerous. The use of sunscreen is essential in case of hair loss.

Face

Think of the wrinkles and blemishes on the face as a reflection of the sun’s damage to it. Our skin does not forget about sun exposure, and melanoma can affect various parts of the face that are more exposed, such as the lips, the top of the ears and the nose.

Protection: You should use a sunscreen with a high protection index against ultraviolet radiation (UVA and UVB) on a daily basis. Do not forget to apply a little sunscreen to your ears and use sunscreen for your lips and don’t forget face moisturizing products for women, to keep your face hydrated at all times.

Back

Our backs are particularly prone to melanoma, especially among men who are accustomed to walking around without a blouse during the hot summer months.

Protection: Wear a cotton T-shirt and sunscreen, especially when the sun is most potent and dangerous. Ask a family member or friend to help you apply sunscreen all over your back.

Hands and Feet

Our hands and feet are almost always exposed to the sun in summer, and we need to protect them, especially. They are also parts of our body that we often forget to put on sunscreen.

Protection: Do not forget to put sunscreen on your hands and feet… In summer, they receive too much sunlight as they are constantly exposed to the sun.

The dermatologist is the most specialized health professional and can guide you to choose the right sunscreen, depending on your skin’s type and needs. So after consulting your dermatologist, you can buy all those products for the care and protection of your skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

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