A kick to the testicles is one of those experiences that no man wants to go through. A blow to the testicles leaves anyone doubled over in pain. Experts say that in such cases it is as if the body goes a little crazy.
Nevertheless, a kick to the testicles almost never has serious consequences, unless it is too strong. This area is very sensitive, but it also has the ability to recover quickly, without complications.
However, a strong trauma can have serious consequences. Therefore, the best thing to do is to prevent this type of blow. It is also important to know what to do in case they occur. We will talk about all of this in a moment.
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Why does it hurt so much?
Many people wonder why a kick to the testicles hurts so much. The fundamental reason is that this small area has a much higher concentration of nerve endings than other areas of the body.
Such nerve endings converge on the vagus nerve, which is considered a “super highway” in the body. This causes pain to reach other areas and become that sort of “temporary insanity” in the body.
On the other hand, the testicles are weakly attached to the body. They are only covered by a protective layer called the tunica albuginea and enclosed in a sac called the scrotum. Therefore, they have no cushioning and the resistance they offer to a blow is very limited.
Why does it hurt in the abdomen?
A kick to the testicles generates pain in the abdomen, why? The testicles begin to form in the abdomen and from there they descend to their final position. The nerve endings of the gonads converge in the abdomen.
From the above it follows that when a blow is received in the testicles, the pain ends up concentrating in the abdomen. Everything converges in the vagus nerve that has ramifications in all that area and in a large area of the upper part of the body.
That is also the reason why not only pain is experienced in the abdomen but also nausea and vomiting may occur. Also, when the pain is very intense, there will be dizziness, tearfulness, increased blood pressure and headache.
What are the consequences of a kick to the testicles?
A kick to the testicles can have serious consequences if it is very powerful. If the pain does not disappear within 15 to 60 minutes, it is best to go to an emergency room for evaluation.
In some occasions, this type of blows cause serious consequences such as the following:
- Epididymitis. It is one of the most frequent effects of a strong kick in the testicles. It is the inflammation of the epididymis, the portion that joins the testicle with the vas deferens. This causes pain and inflammation, but usually subsides spontaneously.
- Displacement of the testicle. Occurs when the blow causes the testicle to re-enter the body and lie on top of the hip. The effect is that the testicle can no longer be felt. It is a medical emergency.
- Testicular torsion. The kick can cause the testicle to rise and rotate, causing torsion of the spermatic cord. The result is severe pain, swelling and the placement of one testicle above the other. A doctor should be consulted within six hours.
- Rupture of the testicle. It is uncommon and is caused by an extremely strong blow. It causes a lot of pain, noticeable swelling, desire to vomit and, sometimes, fainting. It is a medical emergency requiring surgery.
Who is at risk from a blow to this area?
Injuries to the testicles, especially severe ones, are rare. However, they can occur and therefore appropriate measures should be taken to prevent them. Athletes are more prone to this type of problem.
In some sports it is more common to receive a kick or blow to the testicles. Those who play soccer, basketball or baseball should be more careful. So should those who lift weights or do very demanding exercise routines.
Tips and prevention
Pain is inevitable when the testicles are kicked. The discomfort should not last for more than an hour. In the meantime, some simple actions can be taken to alleviate the pain.
The best thing to do is to do the following:
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
- Lie down and relax.
- Put an ice pack on the area to relieve pain and reduce swelling.
- Place a rolled towel under the testicle at bedtime.
- Avoid strenuous activity for the next few days.
- Wear supportive underwear for the next few days to support the testicle.
The best thing, in any case, is to prevent one of these blows and, of course, the consequences that may result from it. If a man regularly engages in intense physical activity, it is best to take note of the following precautions:
Use a testicular protector or sports jockstrap. These devices provide good protection. It must be the correct size, otherwise it will not perform its function properly.
Ask about additional accessories. Your doctor or trainer may suggest other types of additional protectors, depending on the activity or sport you are doing.
Keep your doctor informed. Pain in the testicles, even if you have not received a blow, is cause for consultation. Such discomfort should never be overlooked.
When faced with pain, go to the doctor
Pain is an important symptom to watch out for. If after a kick in the testicles the pain is too intense or does not subside with the passage of minutes, it is always advisable to go to a health center to be evaluated.
Nausea or vomiting that does not subside, as well as a hematoma in the scrotum, difficulty urinating, hematuria or blood in the urine, and fever are also signs that it may be an emergency. On the other hand, it is important to be cautious with sexual practices that include testicular strokes.