Dermaplaning has become one of the trending treatments. Social networks such as Instagram have become the place to promote this type of exfoliation that results in smoother and softer skin.

Although its technique is very simple, as it only requires a surgical scalpel, it is necessary that the procedure is carried out by a professional. He or she will remove dead skin cells as well as facial hair.

One thing to keep in mind is that the results only last for about three weeks. However, as it is a non-invasive peel, it can be performed on a regular basis.

What is dermaplaning for?

The main function of dermaplaning is to remove dead skin cells, which improves the smoothness, evenness and radiance of the skin. Also, by removing facial hair, it makes the skin softer to the touch.

Another benefit is that by having a new layer of skin, skin care products penetrate the skin better. This makes them more effective and better absorbed. Moisturisers, essential oils, serums, hyaluronic acid and others can further stimulate the beauty of the skin after exfoliation.

This method also helps to reduce acne breakouts. By shaving the skin, clogged pores are unclogged and pimples caused by bacteria are removed. However, if a person suffers from cystic acne, this treatment is not recommended.

The surface of the skin is left with a more even texture, making it a better canvas for make-up application. As if that were not enough, it helps to eliminate sun spots and skin flakes.

How does it work?

With this type of physical exfoliation, the most superficial layer of the skin is shaved off with a number 10 surgical scalpel. This consists of corneocytes, i.e. dead cells. This will lead to the body having to generate new cells (new skin).

Unlike other peels, it is painless, as the scalpel is only glided gently over the skin. Also, the skin is not irritated or injured, so the risks are minimal.

And although it is a shaving process, it should not be confused with a conventional shave. That is why dermaplaning is designed to be performed by a professional in aesthetics or dermatology.

When is it not recommended?

This is a treatment that can be performed on all skin types. However, it should be avoided by people with the following conditions:

  • Severe acne.
  • Sunburn.
  • Rosacea.
  • Eczema.
  • Psoriasis.
  • Infections, such as herpes.

Similarly, patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who have excess facial hair should avoid dermaplaning, as it may lead to worsening of the problem.

The dermaplaning process

First, the dermatologist or aesthetician will invite you to lie down on a table. They may apply a numbing liquid to the skin or give you an oral sedative. Once this step is done, the main tool, the scalpel, is passed over the skin.

This system consists of passing a blade at a 45-degree angle over the different parts of the face. The exfoliation lasts between 20 and 30 minutes. Once the process is finished, the specialist will apply a soothing cream or lotion with aloe and/or sunscreen.

Possible side effects of dermaplaning

The key to dermaplaning is to do it correctly. So, if you go to a skin specialist, there are bound to be no problems. However, the following should be borne in mind:

  • There may be small cuts in the skin, causing scarring.
  • There is a possibility that the blade may cause redness and itching of the skin.
  • Irregular pigment may appear in the area where the procedure is performed.

Can it be done at home?

No.

Some companies have designed special scalpels so that everyone can do the procedure. It is paramount to follow their recommendations for use to avoid accidents but it is still better not to expose yourself to this risk.

Skin care and recommendations

As with any exfoliation process, the skin is much more exposed to any external agent. For this reason, it is necessary to follow a series of precautions. These include the use of sunscreen of at least 30 SPF, as the skin is more susceptible to the sun and spots or burns may appear.

Both before and after dermaplaning, retinoids and other exfoliating products such as salicylic or glycolic acid, as well as other anti-ageing substances, should be avoided.

To complement the above, once the treatment has been carried out, physical inactivity is not necessary. It should also be remembered that the results are maintained for a few weeks. It is therefore necessary to repeat the exfoliation.

In short, dermaplaning is a painless exfoliation using a surgical scalpel that can even be performed before facial treatments such as laser, microdermabrasion or peelings because it helps the products to be better absorbed. Although it is possible to apply it at home, it is best to have it done by a dermatologist.

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