The eyes are a part of our body that we often do not pay much attention to. However, it is very important to pay some attention to them, since some manifestations that affect them can even lead to loss of vision.
What is uveitis?
Uveitis is a form of inflammation affecting the middle tissue of the eye wall (uvea). It is usually sudden and worsens rapidly, and affects people of all ages in one or both eyes.
Without proper treatment, uveitis can lead to permanent vision loss. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is vital to prevent complications.
What causes uveitis?
It can be due to multiple causes, such as infections, injuries, inflammatory diseases or autoimmune diseases. Sometimes it is not even possible to identify the cause.
What are its symptoms?
The symptoms of uveitis are quite characteristic and include redness of the eyes, eye pain, increased photosensitivity (increased sensitivity to light), blurred vision, appearance of floating spots or macules in the field of vision and significant reductions in vision.
This condition has a gradual onset, but often with a rapid progression, and may affect one or both eyes.
If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as retinal swelling, retinal scarring, glaucoma, cataracts, significant optic nerve damage, retinal detachment and permanent vision loss.
How is uveitis treated?
The approach to treating uveitis depends mostly on the underlying cause it may have, as it is important to eliminate the underlying condition to ensure complete and long-lasting remission.
Thus, for example, it may be necessary to apply drops with antibiotic or antiviral drugs, if the cause is infectious, or immunosuppressants, when it is of autoimmune origin.
In addition, different anti-inflammatory or pupil dilating drugs may be used to stop the symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease.
In rarer cases, surgical strategies such as vitrectomy (removal of part of the vitreous from the eye), placement of drug-eluting implants, reduction of intraocular pressure, or cataract removal if cataracts arise, may be used.