The prostate is a part of the male anatomy that sometimes we do not think about when it comes to taking care of our health, but it is advisable to examine it periodically because it is susceptible to potentially serious health problems. A clear symptom that something is not right, in this sense, is prostatitis.

What is prostatitis and why does it occur?

Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder in men. It is the organ responsible for producing semen, a fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

It can affect men at any age, but it is more frequent before the age of 50. Its causes can be very varied, and include bacterial infections and nerve lesions as a consequence of surgery or trauma. Depending on its origin, it can appear suddenly or gradually, and last for a short period of time or become chronic.

What are prostatitis symptoms?

The basic symptomatology of prostatitis includes signs such as pain, burning or difficulty when urinating, frequent urination, cloudy urine, presence of blood in the urine, abdominal pain, pain in the perineum, pain in the penis or testicles, pain when ejaculating and a flu-like picture (in the latter case, only when the cause is bacterial).

If not properly treated, it can cause complications such as bacterial infection of the blood (septicemia), epididymitis (inflammation of the tubes behind the testicle), abscesses, semen abnormalities and sterility.

How is prostatitis treated?

The approach to be taken will depend on the cause of the prostatitis. If the origin is bacterial, the line of treatment consists of antibiotics and, if necessary, symptomatic relief with alpha blockers and anti-inflammatory drugs. In cases of lesions, it is sometimes possible to achieve improvement through certain surgical procedures.

In addition, there are some habits and home remedies that can also help reduce discomfort, such as warm sitz baths, limiting alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods (which can irritate the bladder) and frequent hydration to stimulate urination.

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