Architecture is one of those interesting fields that amalgamate visual art and aesthetics with scientific laws. The interdependence of architecture and construction sciences on each other is something that makes the whole construction business a bit more complex than it seems. It demands that the building designs should be aesthetically appealing and practically intelligent yet they should meet scientific laws and safety regulations in order to ensure the durability, reliability and safety of the structure.
No matter how brilliant an architectural design of the building is and how excellent the construction is, there will be a time when your property will need to undergo renovation and repairs. A large building construction is made up of hundreds of components and dozens of different materials that react and respond to their surrounding environment in different ways. There are materials that rust and corrode and materials that get damaged due to strong wind. Any building finds its strength and stability when all these materials are in their place in the best of their shape and when these material undergo wear and tear, the building’s life and safety comes at stake and therefore repairs are the only solution.
One of the biggest problem areas when it comes to construction and repair works are the lintels. These are essentially horizontal beams that are placed over gap areas such as doors and windows because the canopies cannot take the load of the brickwork above them. The lintel beams help in transferring the load of brickwork towards the main wall away from the doors and windows. Lintels can be made up of different materials and they may go through wear and tear with time and the building might require lintel beam reinforcement in order to ensure that the structure remains strong and stable. Lintels can be of various different types of materials. Here are some of the types that are commonly used.
Timber or Wood Lintels
Wood lintels were more common in the old era and can be found in buildings that have been constructed long time ago. That being said, they are still not obsolete and are still used in hilly terrains where there is low humidity and temperatures are at the lower side. Wood lintels have an amazing aesthetic appeal and they are used as intricate decorations at times too, however, they are no more a widely used type of material because they are expensive and not very long lasting. Their poor fire resistance is another downside which makes them a less preferred option.
Stone and Concrete Lintels
Stone lintels are a cult favorite for the blend of economy, durability and aesthetic appeal that they provide. Although stone lintels are quite vulnerable to cracking, however, they can be easily taken care of by using various crack repair methods. The problem of cracking can also be eliminated by using Reinforced Concrete Lintels which have all the advantages of stone lintels along with greater flexibility that makes them more durable.
Steel lintels are another budget friendly and long-lasting option. They are better suited for structures that have very heavy loads to support that cannot be handled by other types of lintels. On the downside, steel lintels are highly prone to rust and corrosion.