Doctors develop new measures for bone diseaseTheallineed/NC&T/UA
However, researchers at the University of Alberta have developed a guide to help doctors determine when height loss is a normal part of aging, and when it is likely due to something else - usually osteoporosis. And the guide could not be simpler to follow.
Dr. Kerry Siminoski, an endocrinologist with the U of A and Capital Health, said doctors can ask patients what's the tallest height they've ever been, and then measure them to check how much height, if any, has been lost.
When patients are six centimetres shorter than their tallest recalled height then there is a 60 per cent chance the patient's height loss is due to vertebral fractures, Siminoski said. He suggests doctors prescribe X-rays to check for vertebral fractures in all patients who have shrunk six centimetres or more.
Vertebral fractures, which can be painless and hard to detect, are most often a symptom of osteoporosis, a disease that weakens the bones.
"We call osteoporosis the silent thief - you don't know you have it until you break a bone - usually a big bone like a wrist or a hip," Siminoski said. "But vertebral fractures are indicators of osteoporosis and because there are a number of drugs that can effectively prevent or mitigate the onset of this disease, early detection is critical."
"I would like everyone over 50 to know that height loss can relate to vertebral fractures, and if you've lost six centimetres or more you should go to your doctor and check it out," he added.
Siminoski and his research team published the results of their study this month in the journal Osteoporosis International. They arrived at their conclusions after analyzing more than 300 post-menopausal women, the group most susceptible to osteoporosis.
They found the likelihood of vertebral fractures predictably rises as the height loss of the patient increases, and they determined - after considering many factors, including the costs involved - that six centimetres is the optimal measure to trigger a call for an X-ray.
|Dr. Kerry Siminoski. (Photo: University of Alberta )|
"Of course these numbers may be modified for specific patients - they aren't set in stone. All that we've done here is create a guideline," Siminoski said.
Siminoski also noted there are other simple ways to determine whether a patient likely has osteoporosis. One way is try to place two fingers between a patient's bottom rib and her pelvis. If it can't be done there is a 60 per cent chance the patient has vertebral fractures.
Another way is to have the patient stand naturally with her heels against a wall (the correct way to measure height), and then measure the distance between her head and the wall. If the distance exceeds six centimetres the patient likely has one or more vertebral fractures.
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