Donald Trump has ordered a freeze on many of the work visas for foreigners. The suspensions, which are expected to last until the end of the year, cover H-1B visas designed to fill jobs in essential sectors such as technology, and H-2B visas designed for different types of temporary workers. Other visa programmes affected by the measure are the J-1 cultural exchange programmes, those granted to the spouses of holders of these cards and L-type visas.
The only exception concerns H-2B visas and workers in the agriculture and fishing, i.e. always urgent sectors of the services of unskilled labour, generally from Mexico and Central America. But not services in restaurants, hotels, etc. Workers who have applied and are already in U.S. territory or who have already obtained their visa are released.
The labor earthquake, of wide scope, has much to do with the crisis, but also with the November election. The White House justifies it by citing the turbulence and tensions caused by the pandemic in the labor market. Although in many cases foreign workers who access this type of visa arrive to cover positions where the demand for certain profiles cannot be covered by the supply of the national market.